greekaorist

 

††††† viewedasawholefrom theoutside,

††††††††† without†† regardfortheinternalmake-upoftheoccurrence

††††† anactionwithoutanalyzingitfurther,††† itreportsthebarefact

††††† Ď thisisanorange φ†††† fromanoutsideview

††††††††††††††† notitsinsidesorageorripeness

 

1.        ††constativeaorist

†††††††††† anactioninitsentirety

 

2.        ††ingressive†† aorist

††††††††††† focuseson thebeginningofanaction

 

3.        ††culminative†† aorist†††

†††††† completionofanaction ,resultsthatflowfromit

4.        ††epistolary†† aorist††

†††††† notyethappened

 

5.        ††dramatic†† aorist†††

†††††††† happeninginpresent ,emphasizeitscertainty

 

6.        ††prophetic†† aorist

†††††† futureeventsocertainthat itísviewedascompleted

 

 

†††† pairedwith†† imperfect

††††††††††††††

††††††

††††† find†† -†† search

††††hear†† -†† listen††

†††††† †††††††see†† -††† look†††††††††††††††

††††††††† the†† firstis ††aorist ††††††††††††wholistic

††††††††† thesecond†† imperfect†† ††††anongoingprocess