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Rigveda 5:41-60

From the Hymns of the Rigveda, based on Ralph Griffith's translation of 1889, re-edited by Tormod Kinnes.


41 - Visvedevas

WHO, Mitra-Varuna, is your pious servant to give you gifts from earth or mighty heaven?
Preserve us in the seat of holy Order, and give the offerer power that winns cattle. [1]
      May Mitra, Varuna, Aryaman, and Ayu, Indra Rbhuksan, and the Maruts, love us,
And they who of one mind with bounteous Rudra accept the hymn and laud with adorations. [2]
      You will I call to feed the car-horse, Asvins, with the wind's flight swiftest of those who travel:
Or also to the Asura of heaven, Worshipful, bring a hymn as it were libation. [3]
      The heavenly Victor, he whose priest is Kanva, Trta with Dyaus accordant, Vata, Agni,
All-feeding Pusan, Bhaga sought the oblation, as they whose steeds are fleetest seek the contest. [4]
      Bring you your riches forward borne on horses: let thought be framed for help and gain of treasure.
Blest he the priest of Ausija through courses, the courses which are yours the fleet, Maruts. [5]
      Bring here him who yokes the car, your Vayu, who praises with his songs, the god and Singer;
And, praying and devout, noble and prudent, may the gods' Spouses in their thoughts retain us. [6]
      I speed to you with powers that should be honoured, with songs distinguishing Heaven's mighty Daughters,
Morning and Night, the Two, as it were all-knowing: these bring the sacrifice to the mortal. [7]
      You I extol, the nourishers of heroes bringing you gifts, Vastospati and Tvastar-
Rich Dhisana accords through our obeisance - andTrees and Plants, for the swift gain of riches. [8]
      Ours be the Parvatas, even they, for offspring, free-moving, who are heroes like the Vasus.
May holy Aptya, friend of man, exalted, strengthen our word for ever and be near us. [9]
      Trta praised him, germ of the earthly hero, with pure songs him the Offspring of the Waters.
Agn; with might neighs loudly like a charger: he of the flaming hair destroys the forests. [10]
      How shall we speak to the great might of Rudra? How speak to Bhaga who takes thought for riches?
May Plants, the Waters, and the Sky preserve us, and Woods and Mountains with their trees for tresses. [11]
      May the swift Wanderer, Lord of refreshments listen to our songs, who speeds throuih cloudy heaven:
And may the Waters, bright like castles, hear us, as they flow onward from the cloven mountain. [12]
      We know your ways, you Mighty Ones receiving choice meed, you Wonderful, we will proclaim it.
Even strong birds descend not to the mortal who strives to reach them with swift blow and weapons. [13]
      Celestial and terrestrial generations, and Waters will I summon to the feasting.
May days with bright dawns cause my songs to prosper, and may the conquered streams increase their waters. [14]
      Duly to each one has my laud been offered. Strong be Varutri with her powers to succour.
May the great Mother Rasa here befriend us, straight-handed, with the princes, striving forward. [15]
      How may we serve the Liberal Ones with worship, the Maruts swift of course in invocation, the Maruts far-renowned in invocation?
Let not the Dragon of the Deep annoy us, and gladly may he welcome our addresses. [16]
      Thus thinking, you gods, the mortal wins you to give him increase of his herds of cattle: the mortal wins him, you gods, your favour.
Here he wins wholesome food to feed this body: as for mine old age, Nirrti consume it [17]
      gods, may we obtain from you this favour, strengthening food through the Cow's praise, you Vasus.
May she who gives good gifts, the gracious Goddes. s, come speeding nigh to us for our well-being. [18]
      May Ila, Mother of the herds of cattle, and Urvasi with all the streams accept us;
May Urvasi in lofty heaven accepting, as she partakes the oblation of the living, [19]
      Visit us while she shares Urjavya's food.

42 - Visvedevas

Now may our sweetest song with deep devotion reach Varuna, Mitra, Aditi, and Bhaga.
May the Five priests' Lord, dwelling in oblations, bliss-giving Asura, hear, whose paths are open. [1]
      May Aditi welcome, even as a mother her dear heart-gladdening son, my song that lauds her.
The prayer they love, bliss-giving, God-appointed, I offer to Varuna and Mitra. [2]
      In spirit him, the Sagest of the Sages; with sacrificial oil and meath bedew him
So then let him, God Savitar, provide us excellent, ready, and resplendent treasures. [3]
      With willing mind, Indra, vouchsafe us cattle, prosperity, Lord of Bays! and pious patrons;
And, with the sacred prayer by gods appointed, give us the holy deities' lovingkindness. [4]
      God Bhaga, Savitar who deals forth riches, Indra, and they who conquer Vritra's treasures,
And Vaja and Rbhuksan and Purandhi, the Mighty and immortal Ones, protect us! [5]
      Let us declare his deeds, the undecaying unrivalled Victor whom the Maruts follow.
None of old times, Maghavan, nor later, none of these days has reached your hero prowess. [6]
      Praise him the Chief who gives the boon of riches, Brihaspati distributor of treasures,
Who, blessing most the man who sings and praises, comes with abundant wealth to his invoker. [7]
      Tended, Brihaspati, with your protections, the princes are unharmed and girt by heroes.
Wealth that brings bliss is found among the givers of horses and of cattle and of raiment. [8]
      Make their wealth flee who, through our hymns enjoying their riches, yield us not an ample guerdon.
Far from the sun keep those who hate devotion, the godless, prospering in their vocation. [9]
      With wheelless chariots drive down him, Maruts, who at the feasts of gods regards the demons.
May he, though bathed in sweat, form empty wishes, who blames his sacred rite who toils to serve you. [10]
      Praise him whose bow is strong and sure his arrow, him who is Lord of every balm that bealeth.
Worship you Rudra for his great good favour: adore the Asura, God, with salutations. [11]
      May the House-friends, the cunning-handed Artists, may the Steer's Wives, the streams carved out by Vibhvan,
And may the fair Ones honour and befriend us, Sarasvati, Brhaddiva, and Raka. [12]
      My newest song, thought that now springs within me, I offer to the Great, the Sure protector,
Who made for us this All, in fond love laying each varied form within his Daughter's bosom. [13]
      Now, even now, may your fair praise, Singer, attain Idaspati who roars and thunders,
Who, rich in clouds and waters with his lightning speeds forth bedewing both the earth and heaven. [14]
      May this my laud attain the troop of Maruts, those who are youths in act, the Sons of Rudra.
The wish calls me to riches and well-being: praise the unwearied Ones whose steeds are dappled. [15]
      May this my laud reach earth and air's mid-region, and forest trees and plants to win me riches.
May every deity be swift to listen, and Mother Earth with no ill thought regard me. [16]
      gods, may we dwell in free untroubled bliss. [17]
      May we obtain the Asvins' newest favour, and gain their health-bestowing happy guidance.
Bring riches here to us, and heroes, and all felicity and joy, immortals!

43 - Visvedevas

MAY the Milch-cows who hasten to their object come harmless to us with liquid sweetness.
The Singer, lauding, calls, for ample riches, the Seven Mighty Ones who bring enjoyment. [1]
      With reverence and fair praise will I bring here, for sake of strength, exhaustless Earth and Heaven.
Father and Mother, sweetof speech, fairhanded, may they, far-famed, in every fight protect us. [2]
      Adhvaryus, make the sweet libations ready, and bring the beautiful bright juice to Vayu.
God, as our priest, be you the first to drink it: we give you of the mead to make you joyful. [3]
      Two arms-the soma's dexterous immo. lators-and the ten fingers set and fix the press-stone.
The stalk has poured, fair with its spreading branches, the mead's bright glittering juice that dwells on mountains. [4]
      The soma has been pressed for you, its lover, to give you power and might and high enjoyment.
Invoked, turn here in your car, Indra, at need, your two well-trained and dear bay horses. [5]
      Bring by God-traversed paths, accordant, Agni, the great Aramati, Celestial Lady,
Exalted, worshipped with our gifts and homage, who knows holy Law, to drink sweet Soma. [6]
      As on his father's lap the son, the darling, so on the fire is set the sacred caldron,
Which holy singers deck, as if extending and heating that which holds the fatty membrane. [7]
      Here, as herald to invite the Asvins, come the great lofty song, most sweet and pleasant!
Come in one car, joy-givers! to the banquet, like the bolt binding pole and nave, come here. [8]
      I have declared this speech of adoration to mightiest Pusan and victorious Vayu,
Who by their bounty are the hymns' inspirers, and of themselves give power as a possession. [9]
      Invoked by us bring here, jatavedas the Maruts all under their names and figures.
Come to the sacrifice with aid all Maruts, all to the songs and praises of the singer! [10]
      From high heaven may Sarasvati the Holy visit our sacrifice, and from the mountain.
Eager, propitious, may the balmy Goddess hear our effectual speech, our invocation. [11]
      Set in his seat the god whose back is dusky, Brihaspati the lofty, the Disposer.
Him let us worship, set within the dwelling, the red, the golden-hued, the allresplendent. [12]
      May the Sustainer, high in heaven, come here, the Bounteous One, invoked, with all his favours,
Dweller with Dames divine, with plants, unwearied, the Steer with triple horn, the life-bestower. [13]
      The tuneful eloquent priests of him who livs have sought the Mother's bright and loftiest station.
As living men, with offered gifts and homage they deck the most auspicious Child to clothe him. [14]
      Agni, great vital power is your, the mighty: pairs waxing old in their devotion seek you.
May every deity be swift to listen, and Mother Earth with no ill thought regard me. [15]
      gods, may we dwell in free untroubled bliss. [16]
      May we obtain the Asvins' newest favour, and gain their health-bestowing happy guidance.
Bring riches here to us, and heroes, and all felicity and joy, immortals!

44 - Visvedevas

As in the first old times, as all were wont, as now, he draweth forth the power turned hereward with song,
The Princedom throned on holy grass, who finds light, swift, conquering in the' plants wherein he waxs strong. [1]
      Shining to him who leaves heaven's regions undisturbed, which to his sheen who is beneath show fair in light,
Good guardian are you, not to be deceived, Most Wise! Far from deceits your name dwells in holy Law. [2]
      Truth waits upon oblation present and to come: naught checks him in his way, this victory-bringing priest:
The Mighty Child who glides along the sacred grass, the undecaying Youth set in the midst of plants. [3]
      These come, well-yoked, to you for furtherance in the rite: down come the twinborn strengtheners of Law for him,
With reins easily guided and commanding all. In the deep fall the hide steals away their names. [4]
      You, moving beauteously in visibly pregnant ones, snatching with trees the branching plant that grasps the juice,
Shinest, true Singer! mid the upholders of the voice. Increase your Consorts you, lively at sacrifice. [5]
      Like as he is beheld such is he said to be.
They with effectual splendour in the floods have made
Earth yield us room enough and amply wide extent, great might invincible, with store of hero sons. [6]
      Surya the Sage, as if unwedded, with a Spouse, in battle-loving spirit movs over the foes.
May he, self-excellent, grant us a sheltering home, a house that wards the fierce heat off on every side. [7]
      Your name, sung forth by Rsis in these hymns of ours, goes to the loftier One with this swift mover's light.
By skill he wins the boon whereon his heart is set: he who bestirs himself shall bring the thing to pass. [8]
      The chief and best of these abids in the sea, nor doth libation fail wherein it is prolonged.
The heart of him who praiss trembls not in fear there where the hymn is found connected with the pure. [9]
      For it is he: with though to of Ksatra, Manasa, of Yajata, and Sadhri, and Evavada,
With Avatsara's sweet songs will we strive to win the mightiest strength which even he who knows should gain. [10]
      The Hawk is their full source, girth-stretching rapturous drink of Visvavara, of Mayin, and Yajata.
They ever seek a fresh draught so that they may come, know when your time to halt and drink your fill is near. [11]
      Sadaprna the holy, Tarya, Srutavit, and Bahuvrkta, joined with you, have slain the foes.
He gains his wish in both the worlds and brightly shines-when he adores the host with well-advancing steeds. [12]
      The worshipper's defender is Sutambhara, producer and uplifter of all holy thoughts.
The milch-cow brought, sweet-flavoured milk was dealt around. Who speaks the bidding text knows this, not he who sleeps. [10]
      The sacred hymns love him who wakes and watches: to him who watches come the Sama verses.
This Soma saith to the man who watches, I rest and have my dwelling in your friendship. [14]
      Agni is watchful, and the gcas love him; Agni is watchful, Sama verses seek him.
Agni is watchful, to him saith this Soma, I rest and have my dwelling in your friendship.

45 - Visvedevas

BARDS of approaching Dawn who know the heavens are come with hymns to throw the mountain open.
The Sun has risen and oped the stable portals: the doors of men, too, has the god thrown open. [1]
      Surya has spread his light as splendour: here came the Cows' Mother, conscious, from the stable,
To streams that flow with biting waves to deserts; and heaven is stablished like a firm-set pillar. [2]
      This laud has won the burden of the mountain. To aid the ancient birth of mighty waters
The mountain parted, Heaven performed his office. The worshippers were worn with constant serving. [3]
      With hymns and God-loved words will I invoke you, Indra and Agni, to obtain your favour,
For verily sages, skilled in sacrificing, worship the Maruts and with lauds invite them. [4]
      This day approach us: may our thoughts be holy, far from us let us cast away misfortune.
Let us keep those who hate us at a distance, and haste to meet the man who sacrifices. [5]
      Come, let us carry out, friends, the purpose wherewith the Mother threw the Cow's stall open,
That wherewith Manu conquered Visisipra, wherewith the wandering merchant gained heaven's water. [6]
      Here, urged by hands, loudly has rung the press-stone wherewith Navagvas through ten months sang praises.
Sarama went aright and found the cattle. Angiras gave effect to all their labours. [7]
      When at the dawning of this mighty Goddess, Angirases all sang forth with the cattle,
Their spring is in the loftiest place of meeting,-Sarama found the kine by Order's pathway. [8]
      Borne by his coursers Seven may Surya visit the field that spreadeth wide for his long journey.
Down on the soma swooped the rapid Falcon. Bright was the young Sage moving mid his cattle. [9]
      Surya has mounted to the shining ocean when he has yoked his fair-backed Tawny horses.
The wise have drawn him like a ship through water: the floods obedient have descended here. [10]
      I lay upon the Floods your hymn, lightwinning, wherewith Navagvas their ten months completed.
Through this our hymn may we have gods to guard us: through this our hymn pass safe beyond affliction.

46 - Visvedevas

WELL knowing I have bound me, horselike, to the pole: I carry that which bears as on and gives us help.
I seek for no release, no turning back therefrom. May he who knows the way, the Leader, guide me straight. [1]
      Agni, Indra, Varuna, and Mitra, give, you gods, and Marut host, and Visnu.
May both Nasatyas, Rudra, heavenly Matrons, Pusan, Sarasvati, Bhaga, accept us. [2]
      Indra and Agni, Mitra, Varuna, Aditi, the Waters, Mountains, Maruts, Sky, and Earth and Heaven,
Visnu I call, Pusan, and Brahmanaspati, and Bhaga, Samsa, Savitar that they may help. [3]
      May Visnu also and Vata who injures none, and Soma granter of possessions give us joy;
And may the Rbhus and the Asvins, Tvastar and Vibhvan remember us so that we may have wealth. [4]
      So may the band of Maruts dwelling in the sky, the holy, come to us to sit on sacred grass;
Brihaspati and Pusan grant us sure defence, Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman guard and shelter us. [5]
      And may the Mountains famed in noble eulogies, and the fair-gleaming Rivers keep us safe from harm.
May Bhaga the Dispenser come with power and grace, and far-pervading Aditi listen to my call. [6]
      May the gods' Spouses aid us of their own freewill, aid us to offspring and the winning of the spoil.
Grant us protection, you gracious Goddesses, you who are on the earth or in the waters' realm. [7]
      May the Dames, wives of gods, enjoy our presents, Rat, Asvini, Agnayi, and Indrani.
May Rodasi and Varunani hear us, and Goddesses come at the Matrons' season.

47 - Visvedevas

URGING to toil and making proclamation, seeking Heaven's Daughter comes the Mighty Mother:
She comes, the youthful Hymn, to the Fathers, inviting to her home and loudly calling. [1]
      Swift in their motion, hasting to their duty, reaching the central point of life immortal,
On every side about the earth and heaven go forth the spacious paths without a limit. [2]
      Steer, Sea, Red Bird with strong wings, he has entered the dwelling-place of the Primeval Father.
A gay-hued Stone set in the midst of heaven, he has gone forth and guards mid-air's two limits. [3]
      Four bear him up and give him rest and quiet, and ten invigorate the Babe for travel.
His kine most excellent, of threefold nature, pass swiftly round the boundaries of heaven. [4]
      Wondrous, people, is the mystic knowledge that while the waters stand the streams are flowing:
That, separate from his Mother, Two support him, closely-united, twins, here made apparent. [5]
      For him they lenghten prayers and acts of worship: the Mothers weave garments for him their offspring.
Rejoicing, for the Steer's impregning contact, his Spouses move on paths or heaven to meet him. [6]
      Be this our praise, Varuna and Mitra may this be health and force to us, Agni.
May we obtain firm ground and room for resting: Glory to Heaven, the lofty habitation!

48 - Visvedevas

WHAT may we meditate for the beloved Power, mighty in native strength and glorious in itself,
Which as a magic energy seeking waters spreads even to theimmeasurable middle region's cloud? [1]
      Over all the region with their uniform advance these have spread out the lore that givs heroes strength.
Back, with their course reversed, the others pass away: the pious lengthens life with those that are before. [2]
      With pressing-stones and with the bright beams of the day he hurls his broadest bolt against the Guileful One.
Even he whose hundred wander in his own abode, driving the days afar and bringing them again. [3]
      I, to enjoy the beauty of his form, behold that rapid rush of his as it were an axe's edge,
What time he gives the man who calls on him in fight wealth like a dwelling-house filled full with store of food. [4]
      Four-faced and nobly clad, Varuna, urging on the pious to his task, stirs himself with the tongue.
Naught by our human nature do we know of him, him from whom Bhaga Savitar bestows the boon.

49 - Visvedevas

THIS day I bring God Savitar to meet you, and Bhaga who allots the wealth of mortals.
You, Asvins, heroes rich in treasures, daily seeking your friendship fain would I turn here. [1]
      Knowing full well the Asura's time of coming, worship God Savitar with hymns and praises.
Let him who rightly knows speak with homage to him who deals out man's noblest treasure. [2]
      Not for reward doth Pusan send his blessings, Bhaga, or Aditi: his garb is splendour.
May Indra, Visniu, Varuna, Mitra, Agni produce auspicious days, the Wonder-Workers. [3]
      Sending the shelter which we ask, the foeless Savitar and the Rivers shall approach us.
When I, the sacrifice's priest, invite them, may we he lords of wealth and rich possessions. [4]
      They who devote such worship to the Vasus, singing their hymns to Varuna and Mitra,
Vouchsafe them ample room, far off be danger. Through grace of Heaven and Earth may we be happy.

50 - Visvedevas

LET every mortal man elect the friendship of the guiding God.
Each one solicits him for wealth and seeks renown to prosper him. [1]
      These, leading God, are your, and these here ready to speak after us.
As such may we attain to wealth and wait with services on you. [2]
      So further honour as our guests the hero gods and then the Dames.
May he remove and keep afar our foes and all who block our path. [3]
      Where fire is set, and swiftly runs the victim dwelling in the trough,
He wins, with heroes in his home, friendly to man, like constant streams. [4]
      May these your riches, Leader God! that rule the car, be blest to us,
Yea, blest to us for wealth and weal. This will we ponder praising strength, this ponder as we praise the god.

51 - Visvedevas

WITH all assistants, Agni, come here to drink the soma-juice;
With gods to our sacred gifts. [1]
      Come to the sacrifice, you whose ways are right, whose laws are true,
And drink the draught with Agni's tongue. [2]
      Singer, with the singers, Gracious, with those who move at dawn,
Come to the soma-draught with gods. [3]
      To Indra and to Vayu dear, this Soma, by the mortar pressed,
Is now poured forth to fill the jar. [4]
      Vayu, come here to the feast, wellpleased to our sacred gifts:
Drink of the soma juice effused come to the food. [5]
      You, Indra, Vayu, well deserve to drink the juices pressed by us.
Gladly accept them, spotless Pair come to the food. [6]
      For Indra and for Vayu pressed are soma juices blent with curd,
As rivers to the lowland flow: come to the food. [7]
      Associate with all the gods, come, with the Asvins and with Dawn,
Agni, as erst with Atri, so enjoy the juice. [8]
      Associate with Varuna, with Mitra, Soma, Visnu, come,
Agni, as erstwith Atri, so enjoy the juice. [9]
      Associate with Vasus, with Adityas, Indra, Viyu, come, Agni as erst with Atri, so enjoy the juice. [10]
      May Bhaga and the Asvins grant us health and wealth, and Goddess Adid and he whom none resist.
The Asura Pusan grant us all prosperity, and Heaven and Earth most wise vouchsafe us happiness. [11]
      Let us solicit Vayu for prosperity, and Soma who is Lord of all the world for weal;
For weal Brihaspati with all his company. May the Adityas bring us health and happiness. [12]
      May all the gods, may Agni the beneficent, god of all men, this day be with us for our weal.
Help us the Rbhus, the Divine Ones, for our good. May Rudra bless and keep us from calamity. [13]
      Prosper us, Mitra, Varuna. wealthy Pathya, prosper us.
Indra and Agni, prosper us; prosper us you, Aditi. [14]
      Like Sun and Moon may we pursue in full prosperity our path,
And meet with one who gives again, -who knows us well and slays us not.

52 - Maruts

SING boldly forth, Syavasva, with the Maruts who are loud in song,
Who, holy, as their wont is, joy in glory that is free from guile. [1]
      For in their boldness they are friends of firm and sure heroic strength.
They in their course, bold-spirited, guard all men of their own accord. [2]
      Like steers in rapid motion they advance and overtake the nights;
And thus the Maruts' power in heaven and on the earth we celebrate. [3]
      With boldness to your Maruts let us offer laud and sacrifice:
Who all, through ages of mankind, guard mortal man from injury. [4]
      Praiseworthy, givers of good gifts, heroes with full and perfect strength -
To Maruts, Holy Ones of heaven, will I extol the sacrifice. [5]
      The lofty heroes cast their spears and weapons bright with gleaming gold.
After these Maruts followed close, like laughing lightning from the sky, a splendour of its own accord. [6]
      They who waxed mighty, of the earth, they who are in the wide mid-air,
Or in the rivers' compass, or in the abode of ample heaven. [7]
      Praise you the Maruts' company, the valorous and truly strong,
The heroes, hasting, by themselves have yoked their deer for victory. [8]
      Fair-gleaming, on Parusni they have clothed themselves in robes of wool,
And with their chariot tires they cleave the rock asunder in their might. [9]
      Whether as wanderers from the way or speeders on or to the path,
Under these names the spreading band tend well the sacrifice for me. [10]
      To this the heroes well attend, well do their teams attend to this.
Visible are their varied forms. Behold, they are Paravatas. [11]
      Hymn-singing, seeking water, they, praising, have danced about the spring.
What are they to me? No thieves, but helpers, splendid to behold. [12]
      Sublime, with lightnings for their spears, Sages and Orderers are they.
Rsi, adore that Marut host, and make them happy with your song. [13]
      Rsi, invite the Marut band with offerings, as a maid her friend.
From heaven, too, Bold Ones, in your might haste here glorified with songs. [14]
      Thinking of these now let him come, as with the escort of the gods,
And with the splendid Princes, famed for rapid courses, to the gifts. [15]
      Princes, who, when I asked their kin, named Prsni as their Mother-cow,
And the impetuous Rudra they, the Mighty Ones, declared their Sire. [16]
      The mighty ones, the seven times seven, have singly given me hundred gifts.
I have obtained on Yamuna famed wealth in kine and wealth in steeds.

53 - Maruts

Who knows the birth of these, or who lived in the Maruts' favour in the days of old
What time their spotted deer were yoked? [1]
      Who, when they stood upon their cars, has heard them tell the way they went?
Who was the bounteous man to whom their kindred rains flowed down with food of sacrifice? [2]
      To me they told it, and they came with winged steeds radiant to the draught,
Youths, heroes free from spot or stain: Behold us here and praise you us; [3]
      Who shine self-luminous with ornaments and swords, with breastplates, armlets, and with wreaths,
Arrayed on chariots and with bows. [4]
      swift to pour your bounties down, you Maruts, with delight I look upon your cars,
Like splendours coming through the rain. [5]
      Munificent heroes, they have cast heaven's treasury down for the worshipper's behoof:
They set the storm-cloud free tostream through both the worlds, and rainfloods flow over desert spots. [6]
      The bursting streams m billowy flood have spread abroad, like milch-kine, over the firmament.
Like swift steeds hasting to their journey's resting-place, to every side run glittering brooks. [7]
      Here, Maruts, come from heaven, from mid-air, or from near at hand
Tarry not far away from us. [8]
      So let not Rasa, Krumu, or Anitabha, Kubha, or Sindhu hold you back.
Let not the watery Sarayti obstruct your way. With us be all the bliss you give. [9]
      That brilliant gathering of your cars, the company of Maruts, of the Youthful Ones,
The rain-showers, speeding on, attend. [10]
      With eulogies and hymns may we follow your army, troop by troop, and band by band,
And company by company. [11]
      To what oblation-giver, sprung of noble ancestry, have sped
The Maruts on this course to-day? [12]
      Vouchsafe to us the bounty, that which we implore, through which, for child and progeny,
You give the seed of corn that wasts not away, and bliss that reachs to all life. [13]
      May we in safety pass by those who slander us, leaving behind disgrace and hate.
Maruts, may we be there when you, at dawn, in rest and toil, rain waters down and balm. [14]
      Favoured by gods shall he the man, heroes, Marutr! and possessed of noble sons,
Whom you protect. Such may we be. [15]
      Praise the Free-givers. At this liberal patron's rite they joy like cattle in the mead.
So call you to them who come as ancient friends: hymn those who love you with a song.

54 - Maruts

THIS hymn will I make for the Marut host who bright in native splendour cast the mountains down.
Sing the great strength of those illustrious in renown, who stay the heat, who sacrifice on heights of heaven. [1]
      Maruts, rich in water, strengtheners of life are your strong bands with harnessed steeds, that wander far.
Trita roars out at him who aims the lightning-flash. The waters sweeping round are thundering on their way. [2]
      They gleam with lightning, heroes, Casters of the Stone, wind-rapid Maruts, overthrowers of the bills,
Oft through desire to rain coming with storm of hail, roaring in onset, violent and exceeding strong. [3]
      When, mighty Rudras, through the nights and through the days, when through the sky and realms of air, shakers of all,
When over the broad fields you drive along like ships, even to strongholds you come, Maruts, but are not harmed. [4]
      Maruts, this hero strength and majesty of yours has, like the Sun, extended over a lengthened way,
When in your course like deer with splendour unsubdued you bowed the hill that gives imperishable rain. [5]
      Bright shone your host, you Sages, Maruts, when you smote the waving tree as when the worm consums it.
Accordant, as the eye guides him who walks, have you led our devotion onward by an easy path. [6]
      Never is he, Maruts, slain or overcome, never doth he decay never is distressed or harmed;
His treasures, his resources, never waste away, whom. whether he be prince or Rsi, you direct. [7]
      With harnessed team like heroes overcoming troops, the friendly Maruts, laden with their water-casks,
Let the spring flow, and when impetuous' they roar they inundate the earth with floods of pleasant meath. [8]
      Free for the Maruts is the earth with sloping ways, free for the rushing Ones is heaven with steep descents.
The paths of air's mid-region are precipitous, precipitous the mountains with their running streams. [9]
      When, as the Sun has risen up, you take delight, bounteous radiant Maruts, heroes of the sky,
Your coursers weary not when speeding on.their way, and rapidly you reach the end of this your path. [10]
      Lances are on your shoulders, anklets on your feet, gold chains are on your breasts, gems, Maruts, on your car.
Lightnings aglow with flame are flashing in your hands, and visors wroughtof gold are laid upon your heads. [11]
      Maruts, in eager stir you shake the vault of heaven, splendid beyond conception, for its shining fruit.
They gathered when they let their deeds of might flash forth. The Pious Ones send forth a far-resounding shout. [12]
      Sage Maruts, may we be the drivers of the car of riches ful I of life that have been given by you.
Maruts, let that wealth in thousands dwell with us which never vanishes like Tisya from the sky. [13]
      Maruts, you further wealth with longedfor heroes, further the Rsi skilled in chanted verses.
You give the Bharata as his strength, a charger, and you bestow a king who quickly listens. [14]
      Of you, most swift to succour! I solicit wealth wherewith we may spread forth mid men like as the Sun.
Accept, Maruts, graciously this hymn of mine that we may live a hundred winters through its power.

55 - Maruts

WITH gleaming lances, with their breasts adorned with gold, the Maruts, rushing onward, hold high power of life.
They hasten with swift steeds easy to be controlled. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. [1]
      You, as you wist, have gained of your own selves your power: high, you Mighty Ones, and wide you shine abroad.
They with their strength have even measured out the sky.
Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. [2]
      Strong, born together, they together have waxed great: the heroes more and more have grown to majesty
Resplendent as the Sun's beams in their light are they. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. [3]
      Maruts, your mightiness deserves to be adored, sight to be longed for like the shining of the Sun.
So lead us with your aid to immortality.
Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. [4]
      Maruts, from the Ocean you uplift the rain, and fraught with vaporous moisture pour the torrents down.
Never, you Wonder-Workers, are your Milch-kine dry. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. [5]
      When to your car-poles you have yoked your spotted deer to be your steeds, and put your golden mantles on,
Maruts, you disperse all enemies abroad. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. [6]
      Neither the mountains nor the rivers keep you back: where you have resolved there you, Maruts, go.
You compass round about even the heaven and earth. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory.
Whatever is ancient, Maruts, what of recent time, whatever is spoken, Vasus, what is chanted forth,
They who take cognizance of all of this are you. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. [8]
      Be gracious to us, you Maruts, slay us not extend you to us shelter of many a sort.
Pay due regard to our friendship and our praise. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. [9]
      Maruts, lead us on to higher fortune deliver us, when lauded, from afflictions.
Accept, you Holy Ones, the gifts we bring you. May we be masters of abundant riches.

56 - Maruts

AGNI, that valorous company adorned with ornaments of gold,
The people of the Maruts, I call down to-day even from the luminous realm of heaven. [1]
      Even as you thinkest in your heart, there my wishes also tend.
Those who have come most near to your invoking calls, strengthen them fearful to behold. [2]
      Earth, like a bounteous lady, liberal of her gifts, struck down and shaken, yet exultant, comes to us.
Impetuous as a bear, Maruts, is youi rush terrible as a dreadful bull.. [3]
      They who with mighty strength overthrow like oxen difficult to yoke,
Cause even the heavenly stone to shake ' yea, shake the rocky mountain as they race along. [4]
      Rise up! even now with lauds I call the very numerous company,
Unequalled, of these Maruts, like a herd of kine, grown up together in their strength. [5]
      Bind to your car the bright red mares, yoke the red coursers to your car.
Bind to the pole, to draw, the fleet-foot tawny steeds, the best at drawing, to the pole. [6]
      Yea, and this loudly-neighing bright red vigorous horse who has been sutioned, fair to see,
Let him not cause delay, Maruts, in your course, urge you him onward in your cars. [7]
      The Maruts' chariot, ever fain to gather glory, we invoke,
Which Rodasi has mounted, bringing pleasant gifts, with Maruts in her company. [8]
      I call that brilliant band of yours, adorable, rapid on the car
Whereon the bounteous Dame, auspicious, nobly born, shows glorious with the Marut host.

57 - Maruts

OF one accord, with Indra, you Rudras, come borne on your golden car for our prosperity.
An offering from us, this hymn is brought to you, as, to one who th irsts for water, heavenly springs. [1]
      Armed with your daggers, full of wisdom, armed with spears, armed with your quivers, armed with arrows, with good bows,
Good horses and good cars have you, Prsni's Sons: you, Maruts, with good weapons go to victory. [2]
      From hills and heaven you shake wealth for the worshipper: in terror at your coming low the woods bow down.
You make the earth to tremble, Sons of Prsni, when for victory you have yoked, fierce Ones! your spotted deer. [3]
      Bright with the blasts of wind, wrapped in their robes of rain, like twins of noble aspect and of lovely form,
The Maruts, spotless, with steeds tawnyhued and red, strong in their mightiness and spreading wide like heaven. [4]
      Rich in adornment, rich in drops, munificent, bright in their aspect, yielding bounties that endure,
Noble by birth, adorned with gold upon their breasts, the Singers of the sky have won immortal fame. [5]
      Borne on both shoulders, you Maruts, are your spears: within your arms is laid your energy and 3trength.
Bold thoughts are in your heads, your weapons in your cars, all glorious majesty is moulded on your forms. [6]
      Vouchsafe to us, Maruts, splendid bounty in cattle and in steeds, in cars and heroes.
Children of Rudra, give us high distinction: may I enjoy your godlike help and favour. [7]
      Ho! Maruts, heroes, skilled in Law, immortal, be gracious to us, you rich in treasures,
You hearers of the truth, you sage and youthful, grown mighty, dwelling on the lofty mountains.

58 - Maruts

Now do I glorify their mighty cohort, the company of these the youthful Maruts,
Who ride impetuous on with rapid horses, and radiant in themselves, are lords of Amrta. [1]
      The mighty glittering band, arm-bound with bracelets, givers of bliss, unmeasured in their greatness,
With magical powers, bountiful, ever-roaring,-these, liberal heroes, venerate you singer. [2]
      This day may all your water-bringers, Maruts, they who impel the falling rain, approach us.
This fire, Maruts, has been duly kindled; let it find favour with you, youthful Sages. [3]
      You raise up for the folk an active ruler whom, Holy Ones! a Master's hand has fashioned.
You send the fighter hand to hand, armmighty, and the brave hero, Maruts with good horses. [4]
      They spring forth more and more, strong in their glories, like days, like spokes where none are last in order.
Highest and mightiest are the Sons of Prsni. Firm to their own intention cling the Maruts. [5]
      When you have hastened on with spotted coursers, Maruts, on your cars with strong-wrought fellies,
The waters are disturbed, the woods are shattered. Let Dyaus the Red Steer send his thunder downward. [6]
      Even Earth has spread herself wide at their coming, and they as husbands have with power impregned her.
They to the pole have yoked the winds for coursers: their sweat have they made rain, these Sons of Rudra. [7]
      Ho! Maruts, heroes, skilled in Law, immortal, be gracious to us, you rich in treasures,
You hearers of the truth, you sage and youthful, grown mighty, dwelling on the lofty mountains.

59 - Maruts

YOUR spy has called to you to give prosperity. I sing to Heaven and Earth and offer sacrifice.
They bathe their steeds and hasten through the firmament: they spread abroad their radiance through the sea of cloud. [1]
      Earth shakes and reels in terror at their onward rush, like a full ship which, quivering, lets the water in.
Marked on their ways are they, visible from afar: the heroes press between in mighty armament. [2]
      As the exalted horn of bulls for splendid might, as the Sun's eye set in the firmament's expanse,
Like vigorous horses you are beauteous to behold, and for your glory show like bridegrooms, you Men. [3]
      Who, you Maruts, may attain the mighty lore of you the mighty, who may reach your manly deeds?
You, verily, make earth tremble like a ray of light what time you bring your boons to give prosperity, [4]
      Like steeds of ruddy colour, scions of one race, as foremost champions they have battled in the van.
The heroes have waxed strong like we; grown manly youths; with floods of rain they make the Sun's eye fade away, [5]
      Having no eldest and no youngest in their band, no middlomost, preeminent they have waxed in might,
These Sons of Prsni, sprung of noble ancestry: come hitberward to us, you bridegrooms of the sky. [6]
      Like birds of air they flew with might in lengthened lines from heaven's high ridges to the borders of the sky.
The steeds who carry them, as gods and mortals know, have caused the waters of the mounuains to desGend. [7]
      May Dyaus, the Infinite, roar for our banquet: may Dawns toil for us, glittering with moisture.
Lauded by you, these Maruts, Sons o Rudra, Rsi, have sent down the heavenly treasure.

60 - Maruts

I LAUD with reverence the gracious Agni: here may he sit and part our meed among us.
As with spoil-seeking cars I bring oblation: turned rightward I will swell the Marut's, praise-song. [1]
      The Maruts, yea, the Rudras, who have mounted their famous spotted deer and cars swift-moving,
Before you, fierce Ones! woods bow down in terror: Earth, even the mountain, trembles at your coming. [2]
      Though vast and tall, the mountain is affrighted, the height of heaven is shaken at your roaring
When, armed with lances, you are sporting, Maruts, and rush along together like the waters. [3]
      They, like young suitors, sons of wealthy houses, have with their golden natures decked their bodies.
Strong on their cars, the lordly Ones, for glory, have set their splendours on their forms for ever. [4]
      None being eldest, none among them youngest, as brothers they have grown to happy fortune.
May their Sire Rudra, young and deft, and Prsni pouring much milk, bring fair days to the Maruts. [5]
      Whether, blessed Maruts, you be dwelling in highest, midmost, or in lowest heaven,
Thence, you Rudras, and you also, Agni, notice the sacrificial food we offer. [6]
      Maruts, lords of all, when Agni and when you drive downward from sublimest heaven along the heights,
Shakers of all, rejoicing, slayers of the foe, give riches to the soma-pressing worshipper. [7]
      Agni, with the Maruts as they gleam and sing, gathered in troop, rejoicing drink the soma juice;
With these the living ones who cleanse and further all, joined with your banner, Vaisvanara, from of old.

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