1.87.5 yad īm indraṃ śami kvāṇa: āśata

when that Indra with-effort bards reached

Ao.

ād in māni yajiyāni dadhire

and-right-then names praiseworthy acquired

perf.

( they subjectively reached before they acquired and still possess )

9.61.15 arā ṇa: soma śa gave

flow our O soma auspiciously for-cow

pres. imp.

 

9.17.8 madhor drām anu kara

of-mead gush after flow

pres.imp.

 

3.61.2 uas devi amartiyā vi bhāhi

usas goddess immortal apart shine

pres. imp.

 

8.100.4 ayam asmi jarita: paśya iha

this i-am O singer see me here

pres. imp.

( paśya - indicating Agent controller ) imperative may be tricky ( who or what is seeing )

when meditating - being in Conscious control of thoughts - is probably expressed grammatically

agent as Conscious Controller or just an agent

 

3.38.6 apaśyam atra manasā jagann vrate gandharm api yukeśān

i saw here with-my-mind having-gone under-rule Gandharvas wind-haired

impef. perf. part.

( I saw - as spectator (not agent) i experienced )

īk see, look khyā see, behold cak appear, see dars see, behold

1 2 2 4

classes relate the Subject as agent or experiencer

 

1.18.7 yasmād te na sidhyati yaja: vipaścita: cana

from-whom without not be-successful sacrifice of-wise not-even

pres. nom.

( suffix ya marks state verb )

 

sa: dhīnāṃ yogam invati

he of-conscious-thoughts union he-effects-sends

pres.

 

1.48.5 ut pātayati pakiṇa:

(Uas) up makes-fly birds

caus.

8.100.7 ni īṃ vṛtrasya marmaṇi vajram indra: apīpatat

down the of-Vṛtra into-mortal-spot the-mace Indra made-fly

2 place verb sig. Ao.

 

5.77.1 prātarvāṇā: prathamā: yajadhvam pu gṛdhrād ararua: pibāta:

going-out-at-daybreak first sacrifice before vulture envious drink

acc. pl. pres. imp. change of state pres. subj.

prātar hi yajam asvi dadte

at-daybreak for sacrifice Aśvins receive

pres. dual

 

1.10.11 ā na: indra kauśika mandasāna: sutam piba

at now our Indra Kauśika inebriate-ones-self juice drink

voc. voc. pres. imp.

 

7.4.2 bri cid annā sam id atti sadya:

much even food together indeed he-eats at-once

particles modify pres.

 

6.17.3 śrudhi brahma vāvṛdhasvota īrbhi:

listen to-invocation become-strong by-the-pious-songs

Ao. imp. acc. imp.

( change of state, effects experiencer not object )

 

6.21.8 sa: tu śrudhi indra tanasya brahmaṇyata: vīra kārudhāya:

listen O Indra of-the-present-devotee O hero-supporter-of-the-singer

Ao. imp.

1.44.13 śrudhi śritkarṇa vahnibhir devai: agne savabhi:

listen O eager-to-hear with-borne-along-Gods O Agni with-your-companions

Ao. imp.

 

2.11.20 bhinad valam indra: aṅgirasvān

split-destroy Vala Indra accompanied-by-the-Aṅgirasas

pres. inj. telic end point

 

1.130.7 bhinat pura: navatim indra rave divodāsāya mahi dāśue nṛta:

you-split strongholds 90 O Indra for-Pūru for-the-great-devout-Divodāsa O dancer

pres. inj.

 

1.174.8 bhinat pura: na bhida: adevīr

you-split strongholds like splittings-intrigues impious

pres. inj.

 

7.19.6 vṛṇe te ha vṛaṇā yunajmi

for-you-bull horses bullish i-yoke

dual pres.

 

9.94.5 pavamāna dhase soma śatrūn

O Pavamāna you-repel O soma enemies

pres.

 

1.127.4 sthi cid annā ni riṇāti ojasā

firm even foods down breaks-down with-bodily-strength

pres.

 

9.70.1 catri an bhuvanāni nirṇije rūṇi cakre yad tai: avardhata

4 other-beings to-adorn-ones-self lovely made when rules grow

infinitive perf. imp. mid.

 

9.109.14 bibharti ru indrasya ma yena viśvāni vṛt jagna

he-is-carrying beloved Indras name with-which all enemies he-has-killed

pres. perf.

 

1.165.8 aham e manave viśvaścandrā: su apas cakara vajrabāhu:

i these for-Manu all-glittering easy-to-traverse waters made mace-handed

perf. nom.

 

2.27.1 e gira: ādityebhya: ghṛtasnū: sat jabhya: juh juhomi

these-here songs for-Adityas ghee-dripping from-old--kings with-tongue i-call

acc. acc. pres.

 

8.93.7 tam indraṃ vājayāmasi mahe vṛtya ntave

this Indra we-impel-urge the-mighty-Vṛtra to-kill

pres. inf.

 

8.43.32 sa: tvam agne vibvasu: sṛjan rya: na raśmibhi:

this you O agni rich-in-light spreading sun like with-beams-of-light

 

śardhan tamāṃsi jighnase

bold darkness smite

pres.

 

3.59.8 mitya paca yemire ja abhitiśavase

to-Mitra 5 obeyed races to-whose-assistance-is-powerful

perf.

sa: den viśvān bibharti

he Gods all carries

pres.

 

8.35.5 stomaṃ juethāṃ yuvaśā iva kanyanām

the-hymn let-you-2enjoy 2young-men like a-maiden

imperative

 

3.40.1 indra tvā vṛabha vaya sute some havāmahe

O Indra you bull we in-extracted-soma we-invite-call

pres.

sa pāhi madhva: andhasa: //

this drink of-sweet-juice

Ao. imperative

O indra kratuvidaṃ suta somaṃ harya puruṭuta

Indra powerful extracted soma enjoy O invoked-by-many

imperative

pibā vṛasva tātṛpim //

drink shed strong-delight

imperative imperative

 

8.76.2 ayam indra: marutsakhā vi vṛtrasya abhinat chira: /

this Indra Marut-friend apart of-Vṛtra split head

imperf.

vajreṇa śataparvaṇā //

with-mace-having-100-knots

 

4.30.13 uta śuṇasya dhṛṇu pra mṛko abhi vedanam /

and of-Shuṇa boldly forth you-grabbed to the-property

Ao. inj.

pura: yad asya sampiṇak //

strongholds when his smashing-grind-together

inj.

 

6.68.10 indrāvaruṇā sutapāv imam sutam somam

O Indra-Varuna soma-drinkers, this extracted soma

 

pibatam madyam dhṛtavratā /

drink intoxicating O you-who-maintain-order

imperative

 

6.69.7 indrāviṇū pibatam madhva: asya somasya

Indra-Viṇū drink of-this-sweet-juice

imperative

dasrā jaṭharam pṛṇethām /

O accomplishing-wonderful-deeds belly fill

Imperative

 

8.36.7 śyāśvasya sunvata: tathā śṛṇu

of-Shyāvāśvas-extracting thus hear

pap imperative

yathā aśṛnor atre: karmāṇi kṛṇvata:

like he-listened of-Atris sacred-deeds of-performing

imperf. pap

 

4.30.5 yatra dem ṛghāyata: viśvām ayudhya eka it /

where all-the-raging-heavenly-ones you-fought alone indeed

imperf.

tvam indra vaṃr ahan //

you O Indra Vanus-dragon struck

imperf.

 

8.3.7 ayam ya: pura: vibhinatty ojasā

this-here who strongholds apart-cleave by-strenght

pres.

mandāna: śipry andhasa:

getting-drunk open-lips of-soma

pap

 

7.98.4 yad nṛbhi: vta indra abhiyudhyās

or when with-men armies O Indra will-defeat

subj.

tam tva ājim sauśravasam jayema //

that by-you battle glorious we-should-win

Op.

 

7.4.2 bri cid annā sam it atti sadya:

much even food together indeed eats at-once

pres.

 

7.28.3 tava praṇītī indra johuvānān

in-your-guidance O Indra (men)calling

pap

sam yat nṛn na rodasī ninetha /

together when men like the-2worlds you-led

perf.

 

1.189.1 agne naya supathā rāye asmān

O Agni lead by-good-way to-wealth us

Imperative

 

8.70.6 asn ava maghavan gomati vraje

Us help O libral in-cow-pen-rich-in-cows

imperative

vajrin citbhi: ūtibhi:

O endowed-with-a-mace with-manifold-forms-helps