Infinitive     

                         tum  

 

                    must   have   same   subject    as   main   verb

                    subordinate    to  main  verb

 

                      aham   tvām    kantum   icchāmi

                             i           you            to-love             want

 

             āp          obtain        āptum        

             i            want          eitum

             īk          see            īkitum

             kath        tell             kathayitum

             kup         angry         kopitum

             kṛ          drag           karṭum

             kṛand     cry out        karditum

             kli         distress      kleśitum

             kal        wash          kālayitum

             khan      dig              khanitum

             khād      eat             khāditum

             khid       tear            khettum

             gam      go              gantum

             gāh       plunge        gāhitum

             grabh    seize          grahītum

             gras      devour        grasitum

            ghu       sound         ghoayitum

            cal          stir              calitum    

            cint         think            cintayitum

            cur         steal            corayitum

            jan         generate      janitum

            ji            conquer        jetum

            jīv          live                jīvitum

            tud         push             tottum

            tu         be content     toṭum

            tyaj        forsake         tyaktum

            dah        burn             dagdhum

                     give              dātum

            div         play             devitum

            diś         point             deṭum

            dṛś        see              draṭum

            dhāv      run              dhāvitum

            dhṛ         hold            dhāryitum

            nam       bend           nantum

            naś        lost             naśitum

            nind       revile          ninditum

                       lead           netum

            nud        push          nottum

            nṛt         dance         nartitum

            pac       cook            paktum

            paṭh      read            paṭhitum

                     drink           pātum

            pu        thrive          poṭum

            pūj         reverence  pūjayitum

            pracch   ask            praṭum

            budh      know         bodhitum

            bhak     partake eat   bhakayitum

            bhā       speak        bhāitum

            bhū         be             bhavitum

            bhū       attend upon   bhūayitum

            bhram     wander         bhramitum

            man        think            mantum

            muc        release        moktum

            mud        be merry      moditum

            mṛ          die                martum

            yaj          offer             yaṭum

            rak        protect         rakitum

            rac         produce        racayitum

            ram       content          rantum

            ruh        ascend          rohum

            labh       take              labdhum

            likh         write             lekhitum   

            vad        speak           vaditum

            vas        dwell             vastum

            vah        carry             vohum

            vid         know             vettum

            vid         find                veditum

            viś         enter             veṭum

            vṛt         turn               vartitum

            vṛdh      grow             vardhitum

            śams     praise           śamsitum

            śam       be quiet       śamitum

            śram      be weary     śramitum

            ślāgh      extol           ślāghitum

            sad        sit               sattum

            sthā       stand          sthātum

            spṛś       touch          spraṭum

            smṛ        remember  smartum

            has         laugh          hasitum

            hṛ           take            hartum

 

 

                              80%    of  infinitives  in  the  Rig Veda  are   Dative infinitives

                                                           ā  +  e  =  ai

                      Dative

                                   adds           e   

          long vowel          parādai       to give up                       prahye     to send

                              miye           to diminish                      tire           to cross  

                                  ---------- 

                              mahe          to be glad                       mihe           to shed water

                              bhuje          to enjoy                          dṛśe             to see

        consonant           grabhe       to seize                           idhe              to kindle

                              nude           to thrust                          pṛche           to ask

                              ce           to speak                         vidhe             to pierce  

                                 ---------     

                            ayase           to go                              cakase          to see

       as                  carase          to fare                             puyase          to thrive

                                           bhiyase        to fear                              śriyase            to be resplendent

                             --------

       i                 sanaye        to win                              dṛsaye              to see

                          mahaye        to rejoice                          yudhaye             to fight

                                -------

        ti                            itaye           to refresh                           taye                to drink

                          taye           to enjoy                             taye                to win

                                --------

      tu                        attave           to eat                                 etave                  to go

                         otave            to weave                            kartave               to make

                         gantave        to go                                  tave                 to drink

                         bhartve         to bear away                     yaṭave                to sacrifice

                         vaktave        to speak                            vastave                to shine

                         volhave        to convey                          avitave                  to refresh

                         caritave        to fare                              savitave                 to bring forth

                         sravitave      to flow                              havitave                 to call

                         tave        to live

                         -------------------------------------------------

                        etavai            to go                                 otavai                  to weave

       tavā                      gantavai        to go                                  tavai               to drink

                       mantavai       to think                               sartavai               to flow

                       yamitavai      to guide                              sravitavai             to flow

                           -----------------------------  

                                    iyadhyai        to go                                   gamadhyai          to go

          dhyā                 caradhyai      to fare                                 sayadhyai            to lie

                      stavadhyai    to praise                              pibadhyai             to drink

                      pṛṇadhai       to fill                                     huvadhyai            to call

                      nāśayadhai    to cause to disappear         vartayadhyai        to cause to turn

                         -----------------------------------------

                      tmaṇe         to protect                            mane               to give

           man            dharmaṇe       to support                           bharmaṇe            to preserve

                      vidmane         to know

                        -------------------------------------

            van                turvaṇe            to overcome                       vane                to give

                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Accusative

                   samidham         to kindle                            sampṛcham          to ask

                    ārabham            to reach                            āruham                 to mount

                    śubham             to shine                             pratiram                to prolong

                    pratidm          to place apon                    pramiyam             to neglect

                       --------------------------

                   otum                   to weave                          tum                    to give

       tum         praṭum              to ask                               prabhartum            to present

                   anupravolhum    to advance

                  --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Ablative-Genitive

                  ātṛdas              being pierced                      avapadas                falling down

                   sampṛcas        coming in contact                abhiśrias                 binding

                   abhiśvasas      blowing                                nimias                     to wink

                        --------

                   etos                going                                     gantos                      going

                   janitos             being born                             nidhātos                   putting down

                   śarītos            being shattered                      sotos                        pressing

                   hantos            being struck                            kartos                      doing

                  tos              giving                                       yotos                        warding off

                   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Locative

                  vyui              at the dawning                            saṃcaki                on beholding

                  sam-dṛśi        on seeing                                    budhi                      at the waking

                  dhartari          to support                                   vidhartari                 to bestow

                  neaṇi            to lead                                        paraṇi                    to pass

                 abhi-bhūaṇi   to aid                                          śūaṇi                      to swell

                 sakaṇi           to abide                                      gṛṇīaṇi                    to sing